Calendar difficulties and system monitoring and correction of absence

Built-learning success factors
1 – Content Analysis: The guide in the process of selecting the most suitable for the transfer of knowledge alternatives, there are many skills that can not be performed effectively only through direct face-to-face training patterns.
2 – Physical Analysis: It plays an important role in decision-making about the appropriate method of delivery, what is thrown at students in grade less expensive than they receive through video conferencing.
3 – Analysis of the target group: In order to verify the alternatives available to the means of knowledge that will be more effective in achieving specific performance goals transfer.
4 – Participation in the work: learning Built-be fluent in the possibility of partnership between the teacher and the learner on the one hand, and educated all of us on the other hand, work as a team or as teams work to reach the expected results.
5 – Self-learning: learning should be built-up allows the learner himself through what gave him during the process of communication and face-to-face or electronically found.
6 – appropriate information: the teacher to draw students and guide them to all mergers such as the Internet and listen to traditional regular and electronic reading etc …… channels to access information and knowledge and to answer questions of students, regardless of the time and place of the learner.
7 – resend information repeatedly: the teacher resend information channels different education students, the teacher offers a traditional lesson in regular classes, and then this information is given to students electronically as (CD) or on the Internet Web pages or …. etc.
8 – design tasks and educational alternatives to suit the differences between learners.
9 – the communication process: The process is very important because the teacher is a guide and directed learner, so of the pillars of the success of this strategy is that the teacher directing the behavior of the learner and his work and his expectations, and needs of tools and technologies, whether face to face or by default connection.
Sixth: Built-learning problems
Built to learn several problems we come to the most important:
– Not to seriously consider the issue of learning built as a new strategy that seeks to develop the educational process of learning.
– The difficulty of the transition from the traditional method of learning which is based on the lecture for the teacher, and recall information for the students to learn the modern way.
– The problem of language: The majority of the programs and tools developed in English, and this is no obstacle to the students to deal with them is easy.
– Physical obstacles: such as lack of computers, software and networks, and somewhat higher prices.
– Human obstacles. Such as non-availability of qualified technical services frameworks in the laboratory, and the absence of rehabilitation and training programs for students in general.
– Curriculum or course material: which is still printed on paper, should be converted into electronic files are easy to handle.
– Lack of efficiency among devices that students are trained in their homes.
– Calendar difficulties and system monitoring and correction of absence.
Seventh: Summary
Built-learning is a new strategy that combines the traditional method of learning the most of modern information technology applications and take advantage of the design of educational positions combines teaching in the classroom and teaching online. Featuring many of the benefits is to reduce the time, effort and cost, in addition to the possibility of improving the overall level of educational attainment, and help the teacher and the student in the provision of an attractive learning environment in anywhere, anytime and without depriving them of social relationships among themselves or with their teachers.

It is a set of Palestinian university students

Japanese experience:
It is relatively old experiment, begun in 1994 as a televised broadcast of study educational materials for various school students and then the evolution of the project during the year to be known as “percent School Project” has been equipping schools means of communication different to the Internet and to experience academic activities and education through the World Wide Web and the evolution of the project later to include all schools, institutes and universities in Japan and is now Japan states that the e-learning methods successfully and comprehensively applied to most schools.
Project e-learning in the Egyptian middle schools:
He worked on the project application and the Egyptian Ministry of Education and education by introducing e-learning to the most junior high schools in Egypt by adding a distinct educational sites on the Internet of educational materials and methodology calendar and various training and deal with students through self-learning.
As we mention the role of the Egyptian Universities Network, which provides scientific and educational services to universities, schools and allow the distribution of a number of institutions that contain the host computers.
Based latest Ministry of Education statistics in 2006, has been linked to 27 training school hall to the Internet has been the introduction of e-learning system in the 7700 junior high school and equipping each school with five computers and a printer as a first stage.
It is worth mentioning practical application wonderful and effective introduction of technology as an integral part of the educational process in a Lab-X or-yup (OLPC XO). But the spread in the Arab countries is limited for reasons still remind them later.
Which is also known as ($ 100 laptop) which is a computer cheap ($ 100) for children prompt, especially in developing and poor regions of the world, in order to give them the opportunity to research and experiment and express themselves through computer use, as this device is capable the internet connection with other devices, and through the work of fast local networks and this also gives children the opportunity to continue to mail and communication, and is worth mentioning that this device was found to be a learning tool and a means e-learning.
We have been developing this computer via a non-profit organization called “One Laptop Per Child OLPC” and was designed to be sold-governmental organizations in developing countries, the educational systems in order to build e-learning networks for children in primary schools in those states, and that is to provide a computer for each device student to be used during his elementary and be the assistant device and electronic educational tool that work in parallel with the regular education. Where the child must be able to use this computer to follow up on applications and activities related to the lessons he receives at school and to be able to obtain electronic copies of the subjects, as well as the ability to communicate through local networks and through access to the internet.
It is worth mentioning here that this computer is operating system called sugar is based on a system of rules and principles Linux operating systems and can be done by electronic applications using the programming called python and storage capabilities of the device language that does not exceed the space GB one.
The use of this computer-oriented e-learning applications for children in the Arab world is still in its infancy and is dominated by a lot of problems and limitations related to the Arabic language and severe shortage of software for children and scientific applications. Where there is no Arab applications programmed on this particular computer As I mentioned earlier this computer is a special operating system and programming language python. Therefore must work to provide and build an Arab educational applications serve children in primary stages so that we can make full use of the application of computers to every child in the Arab countries.
And here we must stand at the trials for the application of computers to every child in Palestine, namely:
Project laptop for each student -mash Palestinian education:
The Ministry of Education and Higher Education at the date of February 25, 2009 for the launch of a laptop for each student project in order to promote the use of technology in the educational process and the creation of quality in the educational process using media technology and educational technology and modern enable students to enter the world of technology at an early age, has been able to Ministry of Education and education to obtain the 1000 computer-type OLPC – XO Laptop support of the American Task Foundation Force on Palestine, which have been some of the distribution of the targeted schools, the Ministry is now training teachers on the use of these devices, and the estimated number of targeted teacher training about 10,000 teachers in the phase Pre from this program over three years starting from the year 2009 the ministry always seeks to provide for a more inexpensive computers specially designed programs “computer for every student.”
PaleXO:
It is a set of Palestinian university students Taattoawa to devote part of their time to work on the provision of technical support and a letter and a free Arab applications and work sessions and various educational booklets serve Initiative Project laptop for each student and devices OLPC’s – XO (which you may have spoken with him in Former paragraph), and they are working hard to move education in Palestine to a whole new level, where a large group of university students working in coordination and support from the Office of PEI (BAE), to convert this project to the story of a Palestinian success, and that this team works to invite and encourage collectors in various Arab countries young people to work in their home country in order to reach an Arab and a national project serves the e-learning and be an example to the youth cooperation

The experiences of the application of e-learning in the Western and Arab countries

: Arabic language and technical aspects:
Aspects of the Arabic language is divided into two sections, the first section is the language Nevsho different terminology used in the Arab countries and the intention here Slang and their negative impact on the proper handling of the Arabic language, many of the Arabic digital content includes a huge amount of talk commoner with different accents, including the Gulf, Egyptian, Moroccan and maize and others and increase the use of dialects in Arabic forums deployed heavily in the Internet on classical Arabic sound of errors account and this in turn emphasizes the need to rehabilitate the Arabic content and draw scientific and educational content useful. The second part relates to the standards of the use of the Arabic language in the computer, especially the natural treatment of the Arabic language, such as machine translation and that will increase the capacity for electronic content Scientific foreign translation of foreign books into Arabic, and at the moment there is no translation mechanism of the Arabic language is able to access the system fully correct and strong results and this causes us to work on creating a strong translation system and recommend research in this area. Of the Arabic language processing tools are also there spelling and grammatical automated classification and kinetic profile of speech and morphological analysis and conversion of scanning books and newspapers comic output to the texts.
On the other aspects of the natural treatment of the Arabic language are obstacles related matters searching and retrieving information in an efficient and quick ways to get the desired and important. The lack of processing and retrieval strong my information systems, mimic the Arabic language and adopted by the indexed sites in the search engines and the digitization of Arabic documents and spelling Edia, led to the difficulty of access to the texts of educational, scientific and Arab content and positive turn, this affects the e-learning in Arabic. It is worth mentioning here that the Arabic language and the technical problems experienced by Latin and other languages ​​as much as experienced by the Arabic language, and this is due to the fine structure and morphological extensive Arabic language.
Challenges resulting from the economic and academic level:
• Technical problems and that is the difficulty of access to information and the sudden interruption of the network as a result of the weakness of the internet.
• lack of equipment for students in schools, where the use of computers as expensive as that of modern education requires a high level of hardware to match the sophisticated software.
• lack of experience, persons engaged in the educational programs and non-enrollment courses and conferences in the world and the developed countries.
• difficulty coping teachers and students with this type of education because of their familiarity with the traditional education and fear of change. “Mentions all of (the Sultan and Fantookh, 1999) the so-called (outs resistance) and the researchers say:” that human nature does not like to change what used to it, but resist it in different ways, and is not following the anti behavior towards the Internet, but to stand a negative attitude towards this change. This is due either to stick to the old teaching methods, or unwillingness to adapt to modern methods, techniques, or a feeling of indifference and lack of concern about the new changes. ”
Chapter III: The experiences of the application of e-learning in the Western and Arab countries
California program for distance learning (California Distance Learning Program):
The default learning programs where presents a program on innovative education for students up to the eighth grade, and allowing them to choose educational decisions through the Internet. This program seeks to recognize the different concerns of the students and the individual learning styles of each student individually and provides special education plans for each student commensurate with the age and interests It is worth mentioning that the program has become an essential part of the public school system in the state of California.

That cultural activity in the Arab world is relatively limited

Interact with them.
• that the individual learns to be, in terms of his personality bloom better and expand their capabilities and talents.
Within the framework of traditional education we see that these four bases can not be achieved because the student learns superficial He remembers information and only stores them for the tests can not distinguish the principles of evidence, as it treats homework as instructions imposed on him and not exercise it do to promote understanding
This is due to the fact that this type of education is nothing interactive.
Therefore, increasing the importance of using technology and techniques in the field of education in addition for many reasons, namely:
• low level of education, as the educational systems have become unable to keep up with global development.
• dispersion curriculum with multiple sources of knowledge and speed the flow of information.
• The importance of self-learning and the development of the individual’s capacity to thinking and creativity.
• Increased awareness of the working class of the community development trend of knowledge and experience and new knowledge always changes or global conferences on their field, to keep up with the constant development in the era of speed.
• the desire of people who missed the opportunity of education for certain conditions to attend school and continue their education.
• the large number of students per class for lack of schools, in addition to the lack of balance in the geographical distribution of educational institutions as a result of a focus on areas with high population density.
• The need to reduce the cost of education.
The second topic: the objectives of e-learning:
E-Learning aims to achieve many of the goals of the individual and community level, including:
• improve the level of effectiveness of teachers and increase the experience they have in the preparation of educational materials.
• Access to sources of information and access to photos and videos and research papers through the Internet and use it to explain and clarify the educational process.
• Provide educational material electronic image of the student and the teacher.
• the possibility of providing lessons for distinguished professors, as the shortage of teaching staff characteristic makes them a monopoly on certain schools and benefit them a limited part of the students. It can also compensate for the lack of academic and training cadres in some educational sectors by default rows.
• help the student to understand and more depth lesson where can refer lesson at any time, and help him to do homework by reference to the diverse sources of information on the Internet or electronic material supplied by Professor of students supported by the multiple examples. Thus the student maintains a piece of information for a longer period because it has become supported by sound and image understanding.
• the introduction of the Internet as an integral part of the educational process in his very useful to raise the cultural level science students, and increase awareness of the exploitation of the time, including to develop their capacity to innovate, rather than wasted on sites not only lead to the degeneration of moral and cultural level.
• network so that each school building continues through which parents with teachers and management in order to be on a permanent carry on the level of their children and school activities.
• continue the school with educational and governmental institutions organized and easy manner.
Section III: Arabic content on the web:
E-Learning is facing several economic challenges, technological and societal, but before talking about those challenges, we evaluate the status of the Arabic language content on the Internet.
For the development of e-learning in Arabic, we must work to provide a computerized educational materials on the Internet in Arabic, and this opens the digital Arabic content scientific located on the Internet, if you look at the published Arabic websites rankings in continued Sakhr site, we note that most of these sites related to the economy issue and trade, information technology, followed by entertainment and sports sites, which in turn equated with community-based sites (religion and beliefs, institutions, individuals, magazines). But what is the role of educational sites? In order to stand on the value of the Arabic content should be looking at educational sites content, which may also show that the number is relatively small compared with other sites that appear in the Sakhr guide is worth mentioning that a third building in the English language and some of the other is a formal sites of different universities, So there is a clear difference between education private Arabic digital content and other and there is also a difficulty in reaching the Arab content scientific online, search engines Arab competent in Arabic content does not compare search engines foreign power results right and access to information, and here some might say to use foreign engines for access to content Arab education! But this does not help as most of the results back to the Arab pages no longer exist.
So note irregularity in the Arabic content on the Internet and the weakness of the content in general and education in particular, and also note that there is a real problem in the correct and useful access to this content using search engines, and therein lies the challenge to add and provide new educational content on the web where we must work the organization of the current content and restructured properly before and through the addition of a new Arabic educational content in order to ensure easy access to him by Arab users and others.
Here we must be touching the constraints of the Arab educational content, in particular on the internet.
Section IV: Obstacles Arab educational content online evolution
First: Information technology infrastructure in the Arab world:
There is a direct correlation between the spread and the strength of the means of connecting to the Internet and electronic content in general, if we look at the Arab countries, we note the weakness of the proliferation of speed dialing and uttered techniques and inefficient compared means and connectivity solutions developed Western countries, and this plays a negative role in spreading and increasing electronic content in Arabic and lead to weakness spread a lot of applications that increase the dedicated e-learning Arabic content size.
Second, the weakness of cultural activities:
That cultural activity in the Arab world is relatively limited, since the average illiteracy rate is equivalent to about 40% overall in the Arab world and beyond the 50% among women and 27% among men, and on the other corner there are a few in the number of readers in the Arab countries and this in turn is reflected a number of writers and translation of foreign books, where the average number of scientific books translated into Arabic 330 book a year, five translates into Greek, for example, and in the other compared the number of books translated into Arabic since the era of safe so far this does not exceed one hundred thousand books a Spain is equivalent to translate it into Spanish in one year. Thus, the lack translates leads to weakness and lack of what is published electronically and this in turn reduces the digital educational content at the expense of other Arab content of entertainment material, social, and this in turn adversely affect the e-learning.

the work on this change and the development of education and coping with the scientific revolution

“Is the use of Busatin or more in width and provide educational experiences for students through programs operated by computer controls. These media include written text and graphics still and moving images and sound and music influences exciting color.”
Multimedia increase the students experience and motivation toward dealing with educational materials. Varied methods of use of multimedia and e-books, among them the spokeswoman to display the text of the book on a computer screen at the same time display still images and sounds reflect the issuance of the written statements. This technique works to strengthen the health of the students read through the pronunciation of difficult words phonetically.
The fourth topic: the application of e-learning mechanism and the role of the teacher and the community
If we come to the current relationship between the student and the professor to see that the professor is the main focus of the educational process, and this is what we have completely changed and build a new image for this relationship; first make the student the focus of the educational process and the teacher is the leader and supervisor and directed, and secondly, and more importantly to lead the education process three Members of both him and his own, but working in one common framework they first teacher, and supervisor of the educational process Second, and Third multimedia expert.
The teacher alone is not enough for the application of e-learning for several reasons, first because we need to change; which is not just a way to deliver information to students but also includes other aspects, namely material presented in the curriculum and appropriate means used in education, we do not consider the fact that the educational material has been brought electronically, regardless of the content and level of importance and are the best! But the key to success is the curriculum and then come the way Is it conventional or electronic, and here the role of supervisor of education comes he is familiar with the style of the teacher and the means by which that was successful or not, where can ask other ways, for example, wants the teacher to explain certain items via technology Sound audio Kalocherth, but the supervisor believes that in this way will not put up with students to the required level and to be ineffective and find an alternative to them. Multimedia expert working on the use of technological means available to view lesson.
Accordingly, it has changed the role of the teacher and summarize three roles:
First, commentator using technical means so that the Internet and the various techniques used to display the lecture. Then the students based on this technology to solve assignments and research work.
Second, the role of cheerleader on the interaction in the educational process by encouraging ask questions and connect with other students and teachers in different countries.
Third, the role of a catalyst to generate knowledge and creativity he urges students to use technical means and innovation of educational programs they need, and allows them to rule the school control by asking their opinions and views.
Things that must be introduced in the planning and development of e-learning programs:
• Study of previous research on e-learning and taking into account the results.
• Study the current courses and find out what needs to develop and add new information or modify.
• Identify the needs of learners and the requirements of the course before selecting the type of technology used.
• work training programs for teachers and students about the technological means and how to use them.
• Each site is equipped technological facilities to the needy and easily accessible, while providing instant communication lines to solve problems faced by learners.
• start with a limited number of students to see the problems facing the application process and work to control them and deal with them.
You need e-learning environment to the following:
• provide the technological means and ease of access to teachers and students.
• Takaful institutions and universities with schools and build a young leadership and administrative support for the preparation of teachers.
• help students and teachers by specialists for the use of technology and skill to take advantage of them as much as possible.
• continuous assessment of the effectiveness of the technology used and the curriculum before and coping with the ongoing evolution.
• classroom and processing facilities. From the integration of technical requirements in terms of internal network and the Internet and several computer labs.
• The government built a highly efficient communications network and coverage of all areas of the State.
Chapter II: The importance of e-learning and the challenges facing its application
First topic: the importance of e-learning:
The question arises: Is it worth one invest his time and money in e-learning in the Arab world? There are many who oppose it, and there are some teachers and academic domain and who have a doubt about the value of e-learning which contributes to the field of education.
We have to look at the current status of education and why we need this change, to take a look at the episode that is repeated across the generations, which is the following phases: schooling, led by teachers, university who completes the course and come out generations to society to produce and Ibdawa both in his specialty, but unfortunately what to graduate student turns up either unemployed person, or to a person who can not be employed as a basis for his inability to production and community service, so it was necessary for us to shed light on this series and are working to fix the bug in which results of the education process is essential; where to build productive members of the creative community since starting the first stage of education, and the work on this change and the development of education and coping with the scientific revolution is the direction in which we walk him to rise above the community to the highest levels.
There are four pillars represent the foundations of modern education as cited by Jacques Delors in his report on the learning issued by UNESCO in 1996, namely:
• to learn how the individual knows, or learning to know.
• that the individual learns how it works, no learning to work.
• that the individual learns to live with others, through others understand and recognize the interaction